University of Malta

Victor Mallia-Milanes is Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Malta, where for several years he served on the University Senate and as Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Head of the Department of History. He is currently Chairman of the Faculty of Arts Doctoral Committee and Coordinator of the MA course in Hospitaller Studies. He lectured on the history of the Order of St John at various other universities, including Cagliari, Bari, Exeter, Innsbruck, Madrid, and the Sorbonne Paris IV. In 2002 he was awarded the Croce dell'Ordine al Merito Melitense in recognition of his work on the Hospitaller Order of St John.


A - Study Units for undergraduate History students at the University of Malta designed and taught by Victor Mallia-Milanes

HST 2003 - Renaissance and Reformations: Discusses three major themes - Humanism, Religious Change and Non-Conformity in Early Modern Europe, and the Catholic Reformation. The first theme surveys the origins and spread of humanism and its impact on Europe. The second theme is concerned with the major religious changes which occurred in continental Europe between the early fifteenth and the early seventeenth centuries. It deals with changes both within the Catholic Church and outside it. The third theme offers students the opportunity to study in detail one of the most significant movements in early modern times - the revitalization of Roman Catholicism, especially in the period following the opening of the Council of Trent.

HST 2113 - Venice, the Order of St John, and Malta: This course endeavours to reach an understanding of the manner in which the Order of the Hospital conducted the intricacies of its relations with foreign states during its long sojourn on Malta. It will focus on the Order's relations with one state, the Republic of Venice, but, where appropriate, similarities and differences with others (like France, Tuscany, Sardinia, Monaco, etc) will also be discussed. The following topics will be analysed:

1. Venice's interests in the central Mediterranean in the late Middle Ages.
2. Traces of Venetian contacts with late Medieval Malta
3. Venice and the Order of St John, to 1520
4. The Order's Grand Priory of Venice
5. Malta's role in Venice's wars with the Turks
6. The Maltese corsair and Venice's Stato da Mar
7. Why the Venetian sequestro ?
8. Consular relations
9. The Huomo della Repubblica on Hospitaller Malta
10. The fate of Venetians on early modern Malta
11. Venice and Malta's quarantine system
12. Veneto-Maltese trade relations
13. The French Revolution, Venice, the Order, and Malta [1789-98]


HST 3002 - Seventeenth-Century Europe: This study unit focuses on two distinct themes - [1] The General Crisis of the Seventeenth Century; and [2] Louis XIV and France. The first theme, the General Crisis of the Seventeenth Century, takes a comparative approach to the phenomenon of change in seventeenth-century Europe. it will try to answer the question: to what extent, and in what ways, was crisis, in its various manifestations, the major driving force behind the process of structural transformation of European states in the course of the seventeenth century? The theme will be introduced by a general survey of the social, economic, and political structures and the religious institutions and beliefs in early seventeenth-century Europe. Within this general framework, the following topics will be addressed:

1. The genesis of the general-crisis thesis - an exposition and discussion of the views of the two proponents of the thesis: Eric Hobsbawm (for the social and economic interpretation) and Hugh Trevor Roper (for the political interpretation).
2. Subsequent interpretations, which elaborated or modified the original thesis.
3. Critics of the thesis.
4. How the different European States reacted to the crisis.
5. The resolution or the final outcome of the crisis: the end of the seventeenth century.
6. A seminar on the applicability of the crisis theory to Hospitaller Malta.

The second theme, Louis XIV and France. Under the monarchy of Louis XIV two worlds, two distinct realities, coexisted - Versailles and France. The world of the Sun King, of Lionne, Le Tellier, Louvois, Colbert and 'that narrow circle of rich idlers' was the world of the court at Versailles. The other France, the 'true' France, was represented by the soldiers and sailors who fought Louis XIV's wars, the savants and the prosperous bourgeoisie, the administrators and diplomatists, the peasants and craftsmen. Away from the huge palace and its landscape gardening, millions of people lived the horrors of taxation, widespread economic depression, unjust privilege, religious intolerance, and the notorious dragonnades. Louis had become a stranger to these people. Conducted mainly through seminars, this part of the course will address both worlds. The approach will be document-based.


HST 3018 - Hospitaller Malta: The course is particularly designed to offer a 'total' history of Malta under the rule of the Hospitallers (1530-1798) within its broader Mediterranean context. It will be taught through lectures and seminars and will introduce students to the archival records of the period.


HST 3030 - Venice in Early Modern Times: Venice has been defined as 'a microcosm in which many things of general importance to the understanding of early modern society, government, and religion can be studied in miniature.' With this definition in view, the course will focus on such themes as republicanism in early modern times, the nature and extent of the Venetian empire, the Venetian patriciate, social order and how it was maintained within the Republic, church-state relations, Venice's economy, and the fall of the Republic. Taught through lectures and seminars, the subject will be approached through the study of documents.


B - Postgraduate Courses in History at the University of Malta designed and coordinated by Victor Mallia-Milanes

Over the years Professor Mallia-Milanes has created and coordinated four taught MA courses. These are:

1. MA course in Renaissance Studies
2. MA course in Baroque Studies
3. European Masters in Mediterranean Historical Studies
4. MA course in Hospitaller Studies